Divorce in Italy is half a century old. In fact, fifty years have passed since that first December 1970, when Parliament gave the green light to the “Discipline of cases of dissolution of marriage”, law 898, thus putting an end to a taboo in Italian society where getting married was not a choice of life but a choice “for life”.
It would have been only the first step in a prolific season of norms ready to undermine obsolete patriarchal privileges by favoring access to new civil rights.
“The divorce law – comments Linda Laura Sabbadini, chair of W20 or” Women20 “, support group at the W20 to be held next year, and member of the Colao Committee – has opened a great season of conquering civil rights and more In 1975 the new family law with which the parental authority ceases, the parity of the spouses in the couple passes and above all the discrimination of children born out of wedlock falls.
Of course, the honor killing still remains but this too collapsed in 1981. And again the law on counseling centers. In 1978 the law on voluntary interruption of pregnancy; also in the same year the establishment of the National Health Service based on the prevention, treatment, rehabilitation circuit, a leap forward for the right to health. And again the Basaglia Law. The 1970s were an effervescent season in the advancement of rights. A revolution that could no longer wait and has developed year after year. A cultural modernization of the country that has allowed the advancement of democracy because when rights grow, everyone advances, women, children, the same men. The freedom to choose one’s life advances, one’s destiny while safeguarding the most vulnerable spouse and children “.
THE LAW – The 898, which came to approval after a long gestation and despite the harsh opposition of the Catholic movements and the majority party of the time, the Christian Democracy, survived by gathering a broad consensus (about 60%) to the attempted abrogation with the referendum of 1974: it was the first abrogative referendum of republican Italy that divided the country in two, between for and against.
With the confirmation of the Fortuna-Baslini law, from the name of the first signatories, a significant change of direction in society is confirmed: Italians clearly distinguish, for the first time, the religious sphere from the laws of the State.
BATTLE FOR EQUALITY – “Today – continues Sabbadini, an expert in gender studies – it is necessary to open a new season of rights to ensure that the rules are respected. That process was accelerated in the 70s as it is very slow today to achieve of gender equality. Many of the principles of our constitution, in particular article 3, which concerns the removal of economic and social obstacles that limit freedom and equality among citizens are not applied “.
THE DATA – But how is the situation today in Italy? According to Eurostat, there is little divorce in our country. From the latest data on divorces per thousand inhabitants, Italy is at an altitude of 1.53, considering an average of 2016, 2017 and 2018 and against an average EU value of 1.9. The average is raised by the countries of the North and East, such as Latvia, where it reaches a maximum of 3.1, Lithuania, with 3.07, Denmark, with 2.73. Following Estonia, at 2.47, Finland and Sweden at 2.43. In our country, however, the divorce rate jumped from 0.9 to 1.4 with the approval, in 2015, of the “short divorce”.
(Unioneonline / vl)